TO 18 KILOMETERS OF ZAHARA DE LOS ATUNES

 

Vejer de Día - El Jibbah
Calle de Vejer - El Jibbah
Vejer de Noche - El Jibbah

 

Vejer is a true watchtower, and proudly claims to be the most Arabic people in the province of Cadiz.

Vejer preserves its typical Andalusian small courtyards, cobbled streets and whitewashed houses which wander and mingle with their people, know their festivals, its cuisine, customs and kindness.

No wonder the vejeriegos boast the title of Historic-Artistic Monument and National Award for Beautification and Improvement, as well as documenting its history and architecture.

Vejer has been populated since the Paleolithic and it was fortified in the Bronze Age. In Roman times was called Besaro and have found traces of the seventh century BC C. under the current walls. During the Roman period was renamed Baesippo.

In 711 hands became Muslim after the battle of the Janda, in which Muslims, led by Tarik defeated Roderick.

This plaque mentions the reconquest of the town by Christian troops in the thirteenth century.

 

For five and a half centuries remained under Muslim rule, denominating Beshear. Vestiges like the door of the castle (XI century), part of the walls and the fabric of the streets. Vejer again Christian hands twice. At first, in 1250, reigning Fernando III "The Saint", and Arab hands again in June 1264, following a revolt in which he took by force the castle.

The second and final began in August 1264, expelling the Mudejar and ended in 1285. That same year, Sancho IV granted the Order of Santiago Vejer lordship over the territory to consolidate more quickly, but the order never took possession of Vejer.

In 1307, after a second restocking becomes lordship of Guzmán el Bueno, who from 1299 was already in possession of the lordship of the traps of the whole area of the Strait of Gibraltar, and after taking Tarifa, also became the champion of Strait, becoming lord and master, after the king of these lands. Inherit from him the Duke of Medina Sidonia.

During the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, was dominated by Vejer Guzmans, and already in the Modern Age people faced with Juan Relinque to head, against the Dukes of Medina Sidonia for control of communal lands, called Hazas of Luck .

It was declared a Historic-Artistic Site in 1976.